The “abysmal” state of safety for industrial management programs (ICSs) is placing crucial providers at severe danger, new analysis finds.
You solely want to have a look at the chaos brought on by a ransomware assault launched in opposition to Colonial Pipeline this yr — resulting in panic shopping for and gasoline shortages throughout a part of the US — to see what real-world disruption cyber incidents can set off, and their penalties can go far past the harm one firm has to restore.
It was solely final month that the Port of Houston fended off a cyberattack and there’s no purpose to imagine cyberattacks on operational know-how (OT) will not proceed — or, maybe, turn out to be extra frequent.
On Friday, CloudSEK printed a brand new report exploring ICSs and their safety posture in mild of current cyberattacks in opposition to industrial, utility, and manufacturing targets. The analysis focuses on ICSs accessible by way of the web.
“Whereas nation-state actors have an abundance of instruments, time, and assets, different risk actors primarily rely on the web to pick out targets and determine their vulnerabilities,” the staff notes. “Whereas most ICSs have some stage of cybersecurity measures in place, human error is among the main causes resulting from which risk actors are nonetheless capable of compromise them repeatedly.”
Among the most typical points permitting preliminary entry cited within the report embrace weak or default credentials, outdated or unpatched software program susceptible to bug exploitation, credential leaks brought on by third events, shadow IT, and the leak of supply code.
After conducting internet scans for susceptible ICSs, the staff says that “lots of” of susceptible endpoints have been discovered.
CloudSEK highlighted 4 circumstances that the corporate says represents the present points surrounding industrial and significant service cybersecurity as we speak:
An Indian water provide administration firm: Software program accessible with default producer credentials allowed the staff to entry the water provide administration platform. Attackers may have tampered with water provide calibration, cease water therapies, and manipulate the chemical composition of water provides.
The Indian authorities: Units of mail server credentials belonging to the Indian authorities have been discovered on GitHub.
A gasoline transport firm: This crucial service supplier’s internet server, answerable for managing and monitoring gasoline transport vehicles, was susceptible to an SQL injection assault and administrator credentials have been accessible in plaintext.
Central view: The staff additionally discovered hardcoded credentials belonging to the Indian authorities on an internet server supporting screens for CCTV footage throughout totally different providers and states within the nation.
The US Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Safety Company (CISA) was knowledgeable of CloudSEK’s findings, in addition to related worldwide companies.
“Owing to a rise in distant work and on-line companies, most cybersecurity efforts have been centered on IT safety,” says Sparsh Kulshrestha, Senior Safety Analyst at CloudSEK. “Nonetheless, the current OT assaults have been a well timed reminder of why conventional industries and significant infrastructure want renewed consideration, provided that they type the bedrock of our societies and our economies.”
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